One of the great joys of this job is the delightfully unpredictable nature of the emails I receive. Thank you Richard for this one!



See the attached. They are from the USNS Kane in a Force 12 storm in the GIUK Gap during the 1980’s. Wave height averaged 50’. Our speed over ground was -2 knots. While steering the ship if you fail to read the water correctly, you will lose the heading and capsize.

Your books are great!

Richard J. Homovec, PLS

Staff Surveyor

Photo credits: Richard Homovec

Like this article?

For a complete guide to Natural Navigation read Tristan’s books.